A novel ceftazidime-hydrolysing extended-spectrum β-lactamase, CTX-M-54, with a single amino acid substitution at position 167 in the omega loop

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Abstract

Objectives

To characterize a novel ceftazidime-hydrolysing CTX-M mutant, designated CTX-M-54, produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate BDK0419 and to investigate its genetic environment.

Methods

Antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined by disc diffusion and agar dilution methods, and the double-disc synergy test was carried out. Detection of genes encoding class A β-lactamases was performed by PCR amplification, and the genetic organization of the blaCTX-M-54 gene was investigated by PCR and sequencing of the regions surrounding this gene. Kinetic parameters were determined from purified CTX-M-54.

Results

The strain BDK0419 contained a transferable plasmid with a molecular size of ∼21 kbp that carries both blaSHV-2a and blaCTX-M-54 β-lactamase genes, along with two other plasmids. The blaCTX-M-54 gene was flanked upstream by an ISEcp1 insertion sequence and downstream by an IS903-like element. CTX-M-54 had a P167Q substitution within the omega loop region of class A β-lactamases compared with the sequence of CTX-M-3. The MIC of ceftazidime for K. pneumoniae BDK0419 was 16-fold higher than that of cefotaxime; however, the kinetic parameter of CTX-M-54 against ceftazidime revealed a low catalytic efficiency.

Conclusions

This work shows once again that novel CTX-M enzymes with an expanded activity towards ceftazidime through a single amino acid substitution can be identified from clinical isolates. Thus, detection of CTX-M enzymes can no longer be based solely on the resistance phenotypes of clinical isolates towards ceftazidime and cefotaxime.

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