Higher vancomycin MIC values (≥1.5 mg/L via Etest) may be associated with vancomycin treatment failure among patients with serious methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. As there were limited similar data for teicoplanin, this retrospective cohort study intended to determine the predictive value of teicoplanin MICs for treatment failure among patients with MRSA bacteraemia.Patients and methods
All patients with at least one blood culture positive for MRSA admitted to the hospital between January 2010 and January 2011 were reviewed. Patients with an age ≥18 years and receipt of teicoplanin therapy throughout the course or receipt of <72 h of vancomycin therapy and then teicoplanin for >3 days were enrolled. Teicoplanin Etest® MICs and treatment outcomes for MRSA bacteraemia were reviewed to identify the breakpoint of teicoplanin MICs influencing treatment outcomes.Results
Of the 101 patients enrolled, 56 had a lower teicoplanin MIC (≤1.5 mg/L) for MRSA and 45 had a higher MIC (>1.5 mg/L) for MRSA. A lower teicoplanin MIC was associated with a favourable outcome [37 (66.1%) versus 13 (28.9%); P < 0.001] and a lower rate of bloodstream infection-related mortality [15 (26.8%) versus 22 (48.9%); P = 0.022]. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bacteraemic pneumonia or higher Pittsburgh bacteraemia score had an unfavourable outcome (P = 0.028, 0.022 and <0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that teicoplanin MIC >1.5 mg/L, higher Pittsburgh bacteraemia score and bacteraemic pneumonia were independent risk factors for unfavourable outcome.Conclusions
A higher teicoplanin MIC value (>1.5 mg/L) may predict an unfavourable outcome and higher mortality rate among teicoplanin-treated MRSA bacteraemic patients.