There are few data on clinical and virological factors associated with maraviroc virological response (VR) in clinical practice. This study aimed to identify factors associated with VR in 94 treatment-experienced, but CCR5 inhibitor-naive, HIV-1 patients switched to maraviroc-containing regimens.Methods
Patients with HIV-1 RNA viral load (VL) <50 copies/mL switching to an antiretroviral treatment containing maraviroc were followed. VR was defined at month 3 as VL <50 copies/mL. The impact of age, baseline tropism, zenith VL, nadir CD4 cell count and CD4 cell count, HIV subtype (B versus non-B), genotypic susceptibility score of treatment, once- or twice-daily treatment and presence of raltegravir in optimized background therapy on VR was investigated.Results
Baseline characteristics were: median age 49 years (range 25–73 years), median CD4 cell count 481 cells/mm3 (range 57–1830 cells/mm3) and median nadir CD4 cell count 99 cells/mm3 (range 3–585). Maraviroc was administered twice daily in 88 of 94 patients and once daily in 6 of 94 patients (300 mg/day for 4 of 6 and 150 mg/day for 2 of 6). At month 3, 89.4% of patients were responders. A better VR to a switch regimen containing maraviroc was associated with the B subtype (P = 0.0216) and a lower zenith VL (median of 5.24 and 5.70 log10 copies/mL for patients in success or in failure, respectively) in univariate analysis. Only B subtype was associated with a better VR in multivariate analysis.Conclusions
This study evidenced the efficacy of a switch regimen containing maraviroc in clinical practice. VR was better for patients with a lower zenith VL and B subtype.