Atazanavir is boosted with the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inhibitor ritonavir. When combined with the CYP3A4 substrate daclatasvir, the daclatasvir dosage should be reduced from 60 to 30 mg once daily. Recently, cobicistat was licensed as a CYP3A booster and used with atazanavir.Objectives
To determine whether the fixed-dose combination of atazanavir/cobicistat has an influence on daclatasvir pharmacokinetics comparable to that of the separate agents atazanavir and ritonavir.Methods
A prospective, open-label, two-period, randomized, cross-over trial was performed in 16 healthy subjects (NCT02565888). Treatment consisted of 300/100 mg of atazanavir/ritonavir plus 30 mg of daclatasvir once daily (reference) and a second period of 300/150 mg of atazanavir/cobicistat plus 30 mg of daclatasvir once daily (test). A 24 h pharmacokinetic, steady-state curve was recorded for all drugs. Geometric mean ratios (GMRs) with 90% CI were calculated for daclatasvir and atazanavir AUCτ and Cmax to compare the effect of both treatments (test versus reference). Laboratory safety and adverse events were evaluated throughout the trial.Results
All 16 healthy subjects completed the study. Median (range) age and BMI were 48.5 (21–55) years and 24.5 (19.0–29.2) kg/m2, respectively. Pharmacokinetic parameters of ritonavir and cobicistat were comparable to those in the literature. The GMRs (90% CI) of daclatasvir AUCτ and Cmax (test versus reference) were 101% (92%–111%) and 97% (89%–106%), respectively. Atazanavir GMRs (90% CI) of AUCτ and Cmax were 82% (75%–79%) and 74% (68%–81%), respectively. No serious adverse events were reported.Conclusions
Atazanavir/cobicistat and atazanavir/ritonavir had a similar influence on daclatasvir pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers. Daclatasvir at 30 mg once daily is the correct dose when combined with atazanavir/cobicistat.