CHD knowledge and risk factors among Filipino-Americans connected to primary care services

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Abstract

Purpose:

To examine the baseline knowledge and risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD) among Filipino-Americans (FAs), and to identify the predictors of CHD knowledge.

Data Sources:

A convenience sample of 120 FAs recruited from three primary care clinics in Las Vegas, Nevada between May and July, 2010. Participants were asked about their demographic data and presence of CHD risk factors using the Demographics questionnaire. CHD knowledge was examined using the Heart Disease Fact questionnaire.

Conclusions:

FAs connected to primary care services are knowledgeable about CHD. Predictors of CHD knowledge include: gender and education. CHD risk factors common to FAs include: hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidemia, abdominal adiposity, overweight, lack of exercise, and smoking.

Implications for Practice:

Knowledge on CHD alone may not help prevent heart disease among FAs. Behavioral and cultural factors may play a major role in the development of CHD and CHD risk factors among FAs. NPs and other health care providers serve a vital role on health promotion, disease prevention, and management of patients. The use of the Neuman's systems model can serve as a guide when caring for FAs because of its emphasis in primary and secondary prevention interventions. Nurse practitioners must provide holistic and culturally sensitive care when managing their FA patients.

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