Asthma action plans in the adult population: Rediscovering an invaluable tool in today's health care domain

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Abstract

Background and purpose:

Asthma in adults remains a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. Asthma action plans (AAPs) have demonstrated improved health outcomes in this populace; however, AAPs continue to be underused by providers. This article aims to re-emphasize the importance of AAPs for adults and refresh providers on the effectiveness and methods to use this indispensable tool.

Methods:

A literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINAHL was performed, and subsequent findings were reported.

Conclusions:

With proper involvement and inclusion of the patient in the creation of an AAP, adult patients can greatly improve their self-management capabilities through its use.

Implications for practice:

By recognizing the importance and success of AAPs for adults, providers can improve their personal practice through increased AAP delivery. Understanding today's available platforms and formats for AAPs will allow providers a widened subject knowledge base and increased adaptation of patient AAP needs for the adult population. Increased provider knowledge can potentially increase AAP use for adults, as well as improve overall patient outcomes.

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