Implementing vaccine hesitancy screening for targeted education

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Abstract

Background and purpose:

Little research has been performed investigating the effect of using a vaccine hesitancy (VH) screening tool to address specific vaccination concerns. The purpose of this study was to determine whether using a VH screening tool in conjunction with provider discussions addressing parental concerns affected the parental intent to vaccinate (ITV).

Methods:

This study used a pretest/posttest design to measure and categorize VH and ITV.

Conclusions:

The total sample size was 89. Differences between previsit and postvisit questionnaires showed mean responses for questions that measured specific VH categories had slight increases in the level of VH. A regression analysis was conducted to predict the postvisit ITV. Questions measuring parental trust in the provider, beliefs on vaccine efficacy, and beliefs about the prevalence of vaccine preventable disease (VPD) in the community predicted 72% of the postvisit ITV responses.

Implications for practice:

The utilization of a VH screening tool used in conjunction with provider education in an educated and mildly VH population did not positively affect the level of VH or the parental ITV. Additional research should investigate the role of parental trust in the provider, beliefs on vaccine efficacy, and the prevalence of VPD in the community affect parental ITV.

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