Barriers to and facilitators of research utilization, as perceived by a group of registered nurses in Sweden
A survey was conducted to describe registered nurses' (n = 237), perceptions of the barriers to and the facilitators of research utilization at two hospitals in Sweden.A questionnaire, Barriers and Facilitators to Using Research in Practice developed by Funk et al., was used to collect the data. The major barriers to research utilization were that the research is not readily available along with inadequate facilities for implementation of research findings, lack of competent colleagues with whom to discuss research, lack of time for reading and implementing research findings and the nurses lack of authority in the organization. The nurses who had studied research methods in their basic nursing education, seemed to perceive fewer barriers than those who had not. The facilitating factors most frequently suggested by the nurses were diverse models of education to increase their knowledge of research methods and to develop skills in evaluating research findings. The allocation of resources for education and implementation of research findings in clinical practice, in addition to special positions in clinical practice for nurses with scientific qualifications, were also suggested.