Primary vs Secondary Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy for Acute Dacryocystitis With Lacrimal Sac Abscess Formation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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ImportanceEndoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) is emerging as the preferred procedure in the management of nasolacrimal duct obstructions. However, its safety and long-term efficacy in the setting of acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal sac abscess have not been well studied.ObjectiveTo compare outcomes of EN-DCR as primary treatment with EN-DCR as a secondary treatment after percutaneous drainage of lacrimal sac abscess in acute dacryocystitis.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsThis randomized clinical trial was conducted from October 1, 2012, to October 31, 2015, at a tertiary ophthalmic center. The assessors of success at postoperative year 1 were masked to the procedures received by the participants. All surgical procedures were performed by 2 oculoplastic surgeons with different levels of EN-DCR experience. Eligible participants had acute dacryocystitis and lacrimal sac abscess presenting within 2 weeks of onset, who were 18 to 90 years of age. Analysis was of the intention-to-treat population.InterventionsPatients were allocated by block randomization to receive either percutaneous drainage of lacrimal sac abscess followed by EN-DCR after the acute episode subsided (control group) or primary EN-DCR within 2 weeks of presentation (intervention group). Both groups received a course of empirical systemic antibiotics (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, 375 mg, to be taken 3 times a day for 1 week).Main Outcomes and MeasuresPrimary outcomes were time from presentation to documentation of symptom resolution and recurrence within 3 months.ResultsThirty-two patients were randomized equally into 2 treatment arms (control and intervention). The mean (SD) age of patients was 61 (13) years, and there was a predominance of women (27 [84%]). The mean (SD) time to symptom resolution was 13.8 (5.8) days in the intervention group compared with 31.7 (27.1) days in the control group (mean difference, 17.9; 95% CI, 3.71-32.01; P = .02). The mean (SD) time to surgery in the intervention group was shorter at 11.9 (6.3) days compared with 45.6 (30.1) days in the control group (mean difference, 33.6; 95% CI, 17.92-49.33; P < .001). Recurrences occurred once in the control group and did not occur in the intervention group. No differences in operation time and complications between the 2 groups were identified. The anatomical and functional success was 87.5% (14 of 16 cases) in both groups at postoperative year 1.Conclusions and RelevancePrimary EN-DCR in acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal sac abscess results in faster resolution compared with secondary treatment. No differences in recurrence, safety, or outcomes at postoperative year 1 were noted between the 2 treatment groups.Trial Registration Identifier: CUHK_CCT00350.

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