A cyclic voltammetric study of the kinetics andmechanism of electrodeposition of manganese dioxide

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The kinetics and mechanism of electrooxidation of Mn2+ ions to MnO2 (EMD) has been studied in electrolytes comprising MnSO4 and H2SO4 by cyclic voltammetry at 80°C. The voltammogram of a Pt electrode cycled between 0.6 and 1.6V vs SCE exhibits an anodic current peak at about 1.3V vs SCE resulting in the deposition of MnO2 on the electrode, while a cathodic peak appears at 0.8V vs SCE. It is shown that the pair of peaks do not correspond to a single reversible reaction but represent two separate irreversible electrode processes. The cyclic voltammetric peak current for the deposition of EMD is found to be proportional to the square root of Mn2+ ion concentration in the electrolyte and independent of acid concentration. Based on these results, a mechanism for the formation of EMD involving diffusion of Mn2+ ions to the electrode surface, oxidation of Mn2+surface to Mn3+ads, and H2O to OHads as the primary oxidation steps is invoked. Mn3+ads ions dissociate disproportionately into Mn2+ads and Mn4+ads ions at the electrode surface. The Mn2+ads and Mn4+ads ions, respectively, react with OHads and H2O resulting in the formation of EMD.

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