Longitudinal field assessment of equity effects on the performance of major league baseball players

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A time-series analysis was used to test predictions based on equity theory in a naturally occurring experiment involving 23 major league baseball players who began the 1976 season without contracts. It was posited that due to historical changes in the reserve system, these players would perceive themselves as undercompensated relative to salient others, and due to substantial reductions in salary as compared to their 1975 compensation, they would also perceive themselves as undercompensated relative to self-referents from the previous year. Such perceptions should produce lower performance. This hypothesis was supported for performance as measured by batting average, home runs, and runs batted in but not for runs scored. (16 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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