Efficacy of low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in a GnRH antagonist protocol

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Abstract

Purpose

To examine the efficacy of low-dose hCG using a GnRH antagonist protocol.

Methods

Prospective randomized study was performed at the Kyono Ladies Clinic. One hundred ninety-two women (<40 –years old, <3 previous cycles) were randomly assigned to GnRH agonist (buserelin) long protocol (LP, n = 66), GnRH antagonist (cetrorelix) with no low-dose hCG protocol (NhCGP, n = 63), or GnRH antagonist with low-dose hCG protocol (hCGP, n = 63).

Results

The hCGP was associated with reduced total amounts of FSH, increased oocyte maturation rate, high-quality day 3 embryos rate, and number of frozen embryos. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) tended to be lower in the GnRH antagonist protocol. Pregnancy and implantation rates did not differ significantly between study groups.

Conclusions

Daily low-dose hCG supplementation in the late follicular phase could improve the outcome in FSH based-GnRH antagonist protocol. This protocol, however, does require further modifications, including determination of the optimal doses for hCG and gonadotropin pretreatment.

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