Comparison of cabergoline and intravenous albumin in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: a randomized clinical trial

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Abstract

Purpose

To compare the efficacy of cabergoline (Cb2) and intravenous human albumin (HA) in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Methods

In this randomized controlled trial study, 138 women who were at high risk for developing OHSS were randomly allocated into two groups. In Group one, 20 gr of HA 20% was infused over 1 h. Group two received 0.5 mg per day of Cb2 orally for 7 days, starting on oocyte pickup day. All patients were visited seven and 14 days after oocyte retrieval to determine early clinical or ultrasound evidence of OHSS.

Results

Moderate OHSS was observed in 33 versus 14 cases in the HA and Cb2 groups, respectively, which was significantly different. The number of severe OHSS cases in the HA group was significantly higher than in the Cb2 group (P<0.001). Conclusions Prophylactic oral low dose cabergoline was more effective and less costly than intravenous human albumin in the prevention of OHSS in high-risk patients. (NCT01009567)

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