Risk Stratification in Chronic Heart Failure: Independent and Incremental Prognostic Value of Echocardiography and Brain Natriuretic Peptide and its N-terminal Fragment

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Abstract

Background

It was the aim of this study to compare the prognostic impact of echocardiography and brain natriuretic peptide and its N-terminal fragment (NT-proBNP) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

Methods

In all, 73 patients with CHF underwent conventional 2-dimensional/Doppler echocardiography and Doppler tissue analysis of systolic, early and late diastolic mitral annular velocities. The mitral filling pattern was classified as restrictive or nonrestrictive. NT-proBNP measurements were carried out on a bench-top analyzer. A cardiac event (rehospitalization caused by worsening CHF, cardiac death, urgent cardiac transplantation) was defined as combined study end point.

Results

During follow-up of 226 ± 169 days, 27 patients had an event (rehospitalization because of CHF, n = 18; cardiac death, n = 7; urgent transplantation, n = 2). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a restrictive filling pattern, NT-proBNP, the ratio of peak early diastolic mitral flow to mitral annular E′ velocity were independent prognostic predictors. A risk stratification model based on the 3 strongest independent predictors separated groups into those with good, intermediate, and poor outcome (event-free survival of 78%, 46%, and 0%, respectively).

Conclusions

In patients with CHF, Doppler echocardiography, Doppler tissue imaging, and NT-proBNP provide independent and incremental prognostic information. A combined use of echocardiography and NT-proBNP may help to improve risk stratification in this patient population.

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