Myocardial perfusion (MP) imaging during stress myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) improves the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its prognostic value to predict cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD is still undefined.Methods:
A search was conducted for single- or multicenter prospective studies that evaluated the prognostic value of stress MCE in patients with known or suspected CAD. A database search was performed through June 2015. Effect sizes of relative risk ratios (RRs) with their corresponding 95% CIs were used to evaluate the association between the occurrence of total cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization) and hard cardiac events (cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction) in subjects with normal and abnormal MP measured by MCE. The Cochran Q statistic and the I2 statistic were used to assess heterogeneity.Results:
A comprehensive literature search of the MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Embase databases identified 11 studies enrolling a total of 4,045 patients. The overall analysis of RRs revealed that patients with abnormal MP were at higher risk for total cardiac events compared with patients with normal MP (RR, 5.58; 95% CI, 3.64–8.57; P < .001), with low heterogeneity among trials (I2 = 48.15%, Q = 7.71, P = .103). Similarly, patients with abnormal MP were at higher risk for hard cardiac events compared with patients with normal MP (RR, 4.99; 95% CI, 1.75–14.32; P = .003), with significant heterogeneity among trials (I2 = 81.48%, Q = 21.59, P < .001).Conclusions:
The results of this meta-analysis suggest that MP assessment using stress MCE is an effective prognostic tool for predicting the occurrence of cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD.