Cardiac Point-of-Care Ultrasound: State-of-the-Art in Medical School Education

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Abstract

The development of small, user friendly, handheld ultrasound devices has stimulated the growth of cardiac point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for the purpose of rapid, bedside cardiac assessment. Medical schools have begun integrating cardiac POCUS into their curricula. In this review the authors summarize the variable approaches taken by several medical training programs with respect to duration of POCUS training, prerequisite knowledge, and methods of delivering these skills (including e-learning, hands-on training, and simulation). The authors also address issues related to the need for competency evaluation and the limitations of the technology itself. The studies reviewed suggest that undergraduate education is a viable point at which to introduce basic POCUS concepts.

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