We have used steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy and pulsed kinetic fluorimetry with high time resolution to experimentally study the spectral and temporal characteristics of luminescence of immunoactive 8-aza-D-homogona-1,3,5(10), 13-tetraene-12,17a-dione (8-aza-D-homogonane) molecules in the gas phase. We have established the existence of several centers emitting long-wavelength and short-wavelength fluorescence. The fluorescence of high-temperature 8-aza-D-homogonane vapor (T = 550 K) when excited by radiation with λex = 266 nm is represented by two spectrally separated emission bands with maxima λmaxfl = 465 nm and λmaxfl = 365 nm. Analysis of the distribution of fluorescence decay times for 8-aza-D-homogonane showed that in the spectral range of the emission wavelengths 360–590 nm, the fluorescence decay kinetics contains three components with average lifetimes <200 psec, 2.8 nsec and 13.5 nsec. The multicenter nature of luminescence of 8-aza-D-homogonane was confirmed by direct measurements of instantaneous fluorescence spectra in different stages of luminescence decay.