Toward Targeted Early Burn Care: Lessons From a European Survey

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During the year 2011, a survey was performed to describe current practices throughout Europe regarding three critical issues of acute burn care, namely fluid resuscitation, nutrition, and burn wound excision strategy. Thirty-eight questionnaires returned by burn centres from 17 different European countries were analyzed. The survey shows that Parkland remains the most commonly used formula to determine fluid needs in adults. All respondent centers use urine output to guide fluid resuscitation. While early excision of deep burns is the rule among centers, burn depth assessment by laser Doppler imaging is used in only a few centers. Indirect calorimetry and Toronto formula to estimate energy requirements do not have unanimous backing from respondents. Current literature encourages clinicians to move forward targeted and individualized therapies using a bundle of basic and advanced hemodynamic parameters, indirect calorimetry, and laser Doppler imaging. The results of this study suggest that such an approach is not common yet, and reinforce the subsequent need for large clinical trials that would evaluate the impact of such guided therapies to provide recommendations with a significant level of evidence.

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