Correlation of acid-induced conformational transition of ferricytochromecwith cyanide binding kinetics

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Abstract

A relation between pH-induced conformational transitions of horse heart ferricytochrome c and the kinetics of external ligand coordination to heme iron was investigated by optical spectroscopy, circular dichroism and viscometry. The dependencies of both the association, ka, and dissociation rate constants of cyanide binding on pH were determined from kinetic measurements. The association rate constant exhibits a bell-shaped form of dependence on pH in the region where this protein unfolds. The maximum of the dependence of ka on pH is found to be coincident with the pK values of conformational transitions of ferricytochrome c in solutions with both low and high ionic strengths. This observation is explained in terms of ferricytochrome c unfolding, which is characterized by two processes: the gradual opening of the heme crevice accompanied by the detachment of the axial Met80 and its replacement with a water molecule. The former process enhances the rate, whereas the latter results in the inhibition of the rate of cyanide binding.

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