Submolecular unfolding units ofPseudomonas aeruginosacytochromec-551

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Abstract

Hydrogen exchange rates for backbone amide protons of oxidized Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytochrome c-551 (P. aeruginosa cytochrome c) have been measured in the presence of low concentrations of the denaturant guanidine hydrochloride. Analysis of the data has allowed identification of submolecular unfolding units known as foldons. The highest-energy foldon bears similarity to the proposed folding intermediate for P. aeruginosa cytochrome c. Parallels are seen to the foldons of the structurally homologous horse cytochrome c, although the heme axial methionine-bearing loop has greater local stability in P. aeruginosa cytochrome c, in accord with previous folding studies. Regions of low local stability are observed to correspond with regions that interact with redox partners, providing a link between foldon properties and function.

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