The Scaffold Protein c-Jun NH2-Terminal Kinase-associated Leucine Zipper Protein Regulates Cell Migration through Interaction with the G Protein Gα13

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Abstract

Scaffold proteins for MAP kinase (MAPK) signalling modules play an important role in the specific and efficient signal transduction of the relevant MAPK cascades. Here, we investigated the function of the scaffolding protein c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)-associated leucine zipper protein (JLP) by depleting it in cultured cells using a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against human JLP. HeLa and DLD-1 cells stably expressing the shRNA showed a defect in cell migration. The re-expression of full-length shRNA-resistant mouse JLP rescued the impaired cell migration of the JLP-depleted HeLa cells; whereas, a C-terminal deletion mutant of mouse JLP, which failed to bind the G protein Gα13, showed little or no effect on the cell migration defect. Furthermore, although a constitutively active Gα13 enhanced the migration of control HeLa cells, the Gα13-induced cell migration was significantly suppressed in the JLP-depleted HeLa cells. Taken together, these results suggest that JLP regulates cell migration through an interaction with Gα13.

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