Surface plasmon resonance and NMR analyses of anti Tn-antigen MLS128 monoclonal antibody binding to two or three consecutive Tn-antigen clusters

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Tn-antigens are tumour-associated carbohydrate antigens that are involved in metastatic processes and are associated with a poor prognosis. MLS128 monoclonal antibody recognizes the structures of two or three consecutive Tn-antigens (Tn2 or Tn3). Since MLS128 treatment inhibits colon and breast cancer cell growth [Morita, N., Yajima, Y., Asanuma, H., Nakada, H., and Fujita-Yamaguchi, Y. (2009) Inhibition of cancer cell growth by anti-Tn monoclonal antibody MLS128. Biosci. Trends 3, 32–37.], understanding the interaction between MLS128 and Tn-clusters may allow us to the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Although MLS128 was previously reported to have specificity for Tn3 rather than Tn2, similar levels of Tn2/Tn3 binding were unexpectedly observed at 37°C. Thus, thermodynamic analyses were performed via surface plasmon resonance (SPR) using synthetic Tn2- and Tn3-peptides at 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30°C. SPR results revealed that MLS128's association constants for both antigens were highly temperature dependent. Below 25°C MLS128's association constant for Tn3-peptide was clearly higher than that for Tn2-peptide. At 30°C, however, the association constant for Tn2-peptide was higher than that for Tn3-peptide. This reversal of affinity is due to the sharp increase in Kd for Tn3. These results were confirmed by NMR, which directly measured MLS128-Tn binding in solution. This study suggested that thermodynamic control plays a critical role in the interaction between MLS128/Tn2 and MLS128/Tn3.

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