Surface Replacement Hemiarthroplasty for the Treatment of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head*

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Abstract

We reviewed the results of thirty-three femoral resurfacing procedures in twenty-five patients who had stage-III or early stage-IV osteonecrosis of the femoral head according to the classification system of Ficat and Arlet. There were no perioperative complications. Thirty hip prostheses (91 percent) survived for a minimum of five years. At a mean of 10.5 years (range, four to fourteen years) postoperatively, sixteen (62 percent) of the twenty-six hips with stage-III disease had a good or excellent Harris hip score. Four of the seven hips with stage-IV disease did not have or need a total hip arthroplasty. Overall, twenty hips (61 percent) had a good or excellent result according to the scoring system of Harris, and thirteen (39 percent) had a fair or poor result and subsequently had or needed a total hip arthroplasty. The mean interval between the hemiarthroplasty and the total hip arthroplasty was sixty months (range, thirty-six to 136 months). These thirteen hips all had a successful clinical result (a Harris hip score of at least 80 points) at a mean of thirty months (range, twenty-four to seventy-two months) after the total hip arthroplasty.The results of the present study suggest that resurfacing of the femoral head can be a successful interim procedure for the management of patients who have Ficat and Arlet stage-III or early stage-IV disease with a large lesion that is not amenable to other treatment options except total hip arthroplasty.

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