Primary Osteoarthritis of the Hip: A Genetic Disease Caused by European Genetic Variants

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➤ Primary osteoarthritis of the hip is a separate phenotype that occurs at a rate of 3% to 6% in the populations of the world with European ancestry.

➤ In all non-European populations, there is a consistent rarity of primary osteoarthritis that suggests a different etiology for these few patients.

➤ Family, sibling, and twin studies prove primary osteoarthritis to be a genetic disease with a 50% heritability caused by European genetic variants.

➤ The genetic basis is reinforced by the lower rate of primary osteoarthritis in American minorities consistent with their degree of European gene admixture.

➤ Whether the mechanism of degeneration of primary osteoarthritis may be secondary through a morphologic deformity, such as femoroacetabular impingement, remains unknown.

➤ The virtual absence of the disease in non-Europeans indicates that the European gene component is necessary for the expression of this separate phenotype of osteoarthritis.

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