Improved Prognosis for Patients with Ewing Sarcoma in the Sacrum Compared with the Innominate Bones: The Scandinavian Sarcoma Group Experience

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Abstract

Background:

Treatment of Ewing sarcoma of the pelvic bones remains one of the most difficult tasks in the treatment of bone sarcomas. Whether surgery or radiation therapy is the best local treatment is still a matter of debate. The aim of the present study was to compare sacral and nonsacral sites with regard to the treatment and outcome of pelvic Ewing sarcomas.

Methods:

Patients with Ewing sarcoma of the osseous pelvis diagnosed between 1986 and 2011 were identified through the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group registry. Data regarding tumor size, local treatment (surgery or radiation therapy), metastatic disease, surgical margins, local recurrence, and overall survival were analyzed.

Results:

Of the 117 patients examined, eighty-eight had tumors in the innominate bones and twenty-nine, in the sacrum. Radiation therapy was the sole local treatment for 40% of the innominate bone tumors in contrast to 79% of the sacral tumors. The five-year disease-free survival rate in the latter group (66%) was greater than that in the group with tumors in the innominate bones (40%) (p = 0.02 adjusted for size).

Conclusions:

Disease-free survival among patients with Ewing sarcoma was improved when the tumor was localized in the sacrum compared with the innominate bones, where these tumors are generally larger. Local radiation therapy alone appears to result in good local tumor control and may be the treatment of choice for sacral tumors.

Level of Evidence:

Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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