Full : Application of the 1H 3D-NOE/2QC experiment1: Application of the 1H 3D-NOE/2QC experimentH NMR assignment of a 24-nucleotide RNA hairpin: Application of the 1H 3D-NOE/2QC experiment

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The subject RNA models the binding site for the coat protein of the R17 virus, as well as the ribosome recognition sequence for the R17 replicase gene. With an RNA of this size, overlaps among the sugar protons complicate assignments of the 1H NMR spectrum. The cross peaks that overlap significantly in 2D-NOE spectra can frequently be resolved by introducing a third, in our approach the double-quantum, frequency axis. In particular the planes in a 3D-NOE/2QC spectrum perpendicular to the 2Q axis are extremely useful, showing a highly informative repeating NOE-2Q pattern. In this experiment substantial J-coupling confers special advantages. This always occurs for geminal pairs (H5′/H5″ for RNA plus H2′/H2″ for DNA), as well as for H5/H6, for H3′/H4′ in sugars with substantial populations of the N-pucker, for H1′/H2′ for S-puckered sugars, and usually for H2′/H3′. For the 24-mer RNA hairpin the additional information from the 3D-NOE/2QC spectrum allowed assignment of all of the non-exchangeable protons, eliminating the need for stable-isotope labeling.

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