Solution structure of the first immunoglobulin domain of human myotilin

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Abstract

Myotilin is a 57 kDa actin-binding and -bundling protein that consists of a unique serine-rich amino-terminus, two Ig-domains and a short carboxy-terminus with a PDZ-binding motif. Myotilin localizes in sarcomeric Z-discs, where it interacts with several sarcomeric proteins. Point mutations in myotilin cause muscle disorders morphologically highlighted by sarcomeric disarray and aggregation. The actin-binding and dimerization propensity of myotilin has been mapped to the Ig-domains. Here we present high-resolution structure of the first Ig-domain of myotilin (MyoIg1) determined with solution state NMR spectroscopy. Nearly complete chemical shift assignments of MyoIg1 were achieved despite several missing backbone 1H-15N-HSQC signals. The structure derived from distance and dihedral angle restraints using torsion angle dynamics was further refined using molecular dynamics. The structure of MyoIg1 exhibits I-type Ig-fold. The absence of several backbone 1H-15N-HSQC signals can be explained by conformational exchange taking place at the hydrophobic core of the protein.

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