Hemomediastinum as a Consequence of Transbronchial Needle Aspiration

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Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a valuable tool in performing interventional bronchoscopy and has improved the diagnostic yield in the evaluation of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes. Despite the invasive nature of the procedure, few complications have been described. We report a case of hemomediastinum after TBNA in a 65-year-old woman with sarcoidosis and complete resolution of this complication without the need for any intervention.

We believe TBNA remains a safe procedure; however, proper technique is essential to minimize untoward complications.

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