AbstractBackground and Aims:
Patients with active, steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis with insufficient response or intolerance to immunosuppressants and/or biologic therapies have limited treatment options. Adacolumn, a granulocyte/monocyte adsorptive apheresis device, has shown clinical benefit in these patients. This study aimed to provide additional clinical data regarding the safety and efficacy of Adacolumn in this patient subgroup.Methods:
This single-arm, open-label, multicentre trial [ART] was conducted at 18 centres across the UK, France, and Germany. Eligible patients were 18–75 years old with moderate-to-severe, steroid-dependent active ulcerative colitis with insufficient response or intolerance to immunosuppressants and/or biologics. Patients received ≥ 5 weekly apheresis sessions with Adacolumn. The primary endpoint was clinical remission rate [clinical activity index ≤ 4] at Week 12.Results:
In all, 86 patients were enrolled. At Week 12, 33/84 [39.3%] of patients in the intention-to-treat population achieved clinical remission, with 47/84 [56.0%] achieving a clinical response [clinical activity index reduction of ≥ 3]. Clinical remission was achieved in 30.0% of patients with previous immunosuppressant and biologic failure; steroid-free clinical remission and response were observed in 22.6% and 35.7% of these patients, respectively. Quality of life [Short Health Scale] significantly improved at Week 12 [p < 0.0001]. The majority of adverse events were of mild/moderate intensity.Conclusions:
At Week 12, Adacolumn provided significant clinical benefit in a large cohort of steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis patients with previous failure to immunosuppressant and/or biologic treatment, with a favourable safety profile. These results are consistent with previous studies and support Adacolumn use in this difficult-to-treat patient subgroup.