Background: The role of diet in IBD has recently attracted substantial interest by the scientific community and dietary influences are likely to explain the rapid rise in disease epidemiology.
Methods: The D-ECCO working group along with other ECCO experts reviewed the evidence looking at the role of diet and nutritional therapy in the onset, perpetuation and management of IBD.
Results: Evidence pertinent to the role of diet in IBD is summarized collectively under three main thematic domains: i) the role of diet in IBD aetiology; ii) the role of diet as induction and maintenance therapy in IBD; and assessment of nutritional status and supportive nutritional support in IBD. Future research should:
Conclusions: This summary of research gaps is anticipated to be agenda setting for future research in the area of diet and nutrition in IBD.