Patient Education Strategies for Hospitalized Cardiovascular Patients: A Systematic Review

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Abstract

Although mortality from cardiovascular (CV) disease has fallen in the past decade, the burden of CV disease and related conditions remains high, with rates of hospitalization and disability and cost on the rise. Prevention and treatment of CV conditions often involve a complex regimen of lifestyle modification, medications, and/or symptom monitoring and management. Cardiovascular health professionals spend a great deal of time promoting awareness of and adherence to national guidelines for the prevention and management of CV conditions. In addition, patient education for hospitalized patients is becoming increasingly regulated by national organizations and payors. However, it is unclear which educational intervention elements or strategies are most effective for educating hospitalized CV patients and their families. The purpose of this systematic review of experimental and quasi-experimental studies was to identify and examine the characteristics and outcomes of CV health education interventions for hospitalized CV patients.

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