Maternal and Paternal Parenting, Acculturation, and Young Adolescents' Psychological Adjustment in Korean American Families

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Maintaining healthy psychological adjustment may be more complicated for Korean American young adolescents than for their European American counterparts. Korean American families live in two cultures and the issue of acculturation challenges their parenting, which is a critical factor for young adolescents' psychological adjustment.


Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to analyze 106 family data (young adolescents, mothers, and fathers) on parenting (acceptance–rejection and behavioral control), acculturation (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization), and young adolescents' psychological adjustment.


Only young adolescents' reports of maternal and paternal acceptance–rejection were related to their report of psychological adjustment. However, maternal acculturation moderated the relation between mothers' reports of maternal acceptance–rejection and behavioral control and young adolescents' report of their psychological adjustment.


Parental acceptance–rejection is related to young adolescents' psychological adjustment when adolescents perceive themselves as accepted or rejected by parents. The relation between mothers' report of maternal acceptance–rejection and behavioral control and adolescents' psychological adjustment needs to be considered within the context of maternal acculturation.

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