Thiamin deprivation in ventromedial hypothalamic hyperphagic rats: Anorexia, specificity of food aversion, and a dietary consideration

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In 3 studies, the anorexic consequence of thiamine deprivation was investigated in ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) hyperphagic CD male rats under either high-fat or low-fat (HF and LF, respectively) thiamine-free diet conditions. The LF diet maintained feeding significantly longer in thiamine-deprived VMH Ss than in intact Ss, whereas the HF diet sustained feeding in thiamine-deficient intact Ss and accelerated anorexia onset in vitamin-B1-deprived VMH Ss. This effect was noted under both ad lib and pair-feeding conditions. Thiamine-deprived VMH Ss subjected to weight control developed anorexia sooner than intact Ss regardless of the diet employed. The VMH Ss fed an HF diet failed to resume feeding after thiamine readministration, which is interpreted as a permanent aversion to this diet. The relation between dietary intake and conditioned taste aversion is discussed with reference to the VMH and intact rats. (28 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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