Compatibility of Electroanatomical Mapping Systems with a Concurrent Percutaneous Axial Flow Ventricular Assist Device

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Abstract

Background:

Hemodynamic instability hinders activation and entrainment mapping during ventricular tachycardia ablation. The Impella 2.5 microaxial flow device (MFD; Abiomed Inc., Danvers, MA, USA) is used to prevent hemodynamic instability during electrophysiologic study. However, electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by this device can preclude accurate electroanatomic mapping.

Methods:

Impella was placed in the left ventricle of 7 canines for circulatory support. Electroanatomic mapping during sinus rhythm, ventricular pacing, and ventricular fibrillation (VF) was performed using magnet- (CARTO3, Biosense Webster Inc., Diamond Bar, CA, USA) and impedance- (EnSite Velocity System/EnSite NavX, St. Jude Medical Inc., St. Paul, MN, USA) based systems. Distance from device to points with severe EMI precluding acquisition was compared to points with mild/no EMI. Two methods were used to reduce EMI: (1) titration of MFD performance, and (2) impedance-only mapping combined with manual annotation of activation.

Results:

Severe EMI did not occur during impedance-based mapping. Severe EMI was observed using CARTO3 at 9.4% of all points attempted at maximum performance level (P8) of device. Severe EMI occurred at points closer to device (40.1 ± 16.8 mm) versus (55.5 ± 20.0 mm) for mild/no EMI, P < 0.0001. Severe EMI using CARTO3 was resolved by either (1) reduction of performance from P8 to P6 or (2) impedance-only mapping with manual annotation.

Conclusion:

Concurrent use of MFD caused EMI to prevent acquisition of points with magnet-based mapping. Predictors for EMI were distance from device and performance level. Temporary reductions to P6 or impedance-only mapping are 2 methods to resolve EMI.(J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 25, pp. 781-786, July 2014)

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