The accurate prediction of the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remains elusive. Corrected QT interval (QTc) duration is a known risk factor in various cardiac conditions. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been linked to QTc length, and to SCD. Here we investigated the role of 21 candidate SNPs in QTc duration and SCD events in patients with HCM.Methods and Results:
This HCM registry-based study included patients with an ECG, medical history, first SCD event data, and DNA available. Each individual SNP was assessed using logistic regression for associations with 2 outcomes: a prolonged QTc ( ≥440 milliseconds), and first SCD event (SCD, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shock for ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT). In 272 HCM patients, there were 31 SCD events (8 SCD, 9 resuscitated cardiac arrest, 14 ICD shocks for VF/VT; 11%). A QTc ≥ 500 milliseconds was associated with SCD events on multivariate analysis (odds ratio [OR] = 4.0, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19–12.02, P = 0.016). In 228 Caucasian patients, 2 SNPs in theNOS1APgene (rs10494366 and rs12143842) were associated with a prolonged QTc after correction for multiple testing. This remained significant after adjustment for current age, sex, and ≥1 SCD risk factor (OR 1.59 per copy of the minor allele, 95% CI 1.08–2.39, P = 0.022, and OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.09–2.49, P = 0.020, respectively). No SNPs were directly associated with SCD events.Conclusion:
SNPs in theNOS1APgene influence QTc interval duration but we have not demonstrated a direct association with the risk of SCD.