Long-Term Results After Single and Multiple Procedures of Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia

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Abstract

Introduction:

The aim of this study was to assess long-term results after single and multiple procedures of catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT). While it is generally accepted that multiple procedures are sometimes necessary in order to achieve long-term clinical success, the literature on this issue displays wide variability.

Methods:

We assessed the outcome of 160 consecutive patients who underwent 214 ablation procedures in the period 2008 to May 2015: 93 had overt structural heart disease (SHD) (previous myocardial infarction in 74 cases) and 67 had no SHD.

Results:

After the first procedure, the 1-year actuarial recurrence rates were 25% in patients with SHD and 5% in those without. However, recurrences increased progressively after the first year, reaching 46% and 35%, respectively, at 5 years. Overall, VT recurred in 35/93 (38%) patients with SHD and 22/67 (33%) patients without. Redo (1 to 4) procedures were performed in 28 (20%) patients with SHD and 18 (27%) patients without. After the last procedure, the 1-year actuarial recurrence rates were 5% in patients with SHD and 7% in those without, and the corresponding rates at 5 years were 23% and 7%. During follow-up, 21 patients died (all in the SHD group): no death was related to VT recurrence.

Conclusions:

During long-term follow-up, VT frequently recurs after the first procedure, both in patients with SHD and in those without; multiple procedures are needed in order to increase the success rate.

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