Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease

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Abstract

Aims

We tested the hypothesis that variations in the PLA2G7 gene encoding the lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), an enzyme deemed to have proatherogenic activity, affect the Lp-PLA2 levels and predicts cardiovascular events.

Methods

Using a prospective cohort study design, we investigated incident cardiovascular events as a function of the PLA2G7 gene for rs1805017, rs1805018, and rs1051931 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 643 randomly selected white patients from the GENICA Study, who at baseline underwent coronary angiography, measurement of Lp-PLA2 mass and activity. Cardiovascular event-free survival was compared across the genotypes by Cox regression, propensity score matching, and haplotype analysis.

Results

The rs1805018 SNP did not follow the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium and was not further explored. The rs1805017 GG genotype had a lower Lp-PLA2 mass and a higher Lp-PLA2 activity, thus suggesting that this SNP is functional. Long-term follow-up (median 7.8 years) was obtained in 75% of the cohort and allowed recording of incident cardiovascular events in 25.8% of the patients. On Cox regression analysis, the common rs1805017 GG genotype predicted acute myocardial infarction (AMI) [hazard ratio 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03–2.99, P = 0.041]; this finding was confirmed on propensity score matching (82.6% AMI-free survival in GG vs. 94.4% in GA + AA, P = 0.003). The rs1805017 and rs1051931 G/G haplotype was also associated with AMI (52.7 vs. 42.2%, P = 0.026) and cardiovascular event incidence (49.5 vs. 41.7%, P = 0.025).

Conclusion

In high-risk coronary artery disease patients of European ancestry, the PLA2G7 rs1805017 GG genotype is associated with increased Lp-PLA2 plasma activity and AMI.

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