Health-related quality of life of hypertension in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

Aims

Many observational studies have shown a lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertension patients. This study aimed to summarize the association between hypertension and HRQOL in the Chinese population.

Methods

We systematically searched the observational studies in the following databases: Medline, PubMed, Embase, Science Citation Index, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP and WanFang Data from 1 January 1990 to 1 October 2017.

Results

A total of 33 studies were included in this systematic review. Twenty-one of them presented worse quality of life in hypertensive individuals. The meta-analysis showed lower scores in hypertensive individuals for the eight domains and physical components (−4.93; 95% confidence interval −8.40 to −1.47), and no statistical difference in mental components (−1.62; 95% confidence interval −4.26 to 1.02).

Conclusion

Among Chinese patients, HRQOL of hypertensive patients is worse than that of normotensive individuals. These data suggest that maintenance of normotension offers benefits on patient-centered outcomes, in addition to other well established cardiovascular benefits.

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