Design Considerations for a Positron Emission Transverse Tomograph (PETT V) for Imaging of the Brain

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Abstract

Imaging of the brain by positron emission tomography can be optimized for sensitivity by dedicating the design of the tomograph to this application. We have designed a multislice positron emission tomograph (PETT V) for imaging the human brain and the whole body of small experimental animals. The detector system of PETT V consists of a circular array of 48 Nal(Tl) scintillation detectors, each fitted with two photomultiplier tubes, with one-dimensional positioning capability. Suitable sampling is achieved by rotation of the circular array of detectors and by a wobbling motion of the detector circle. The proposed system is capable of providing seven slices simultaneously, with a spatial resolution in the plane of the slice from 7 to 15 mm and with slice thicknesses of 7 and 14 mm. The minimum scanning time is 1 sec. The estimated overall sensitivity of PETT V is 350,000 counts/sec/mCi in a 20 cm diameter phantom for a resolution of approximately 1.5 x 1.5 cm. The system is under construction.

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