The purpose of our work was to determine the usefulness of double-phase helical CT during arterial portography (CTAP) for the detection of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Method:
Eighty-four patients with 176 hypervascular HCC nodules underwent double-phase CTAP. Hypervascular HCCs were diagnosed by iodized oil CT after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). The first-phase images were obtained 30 s after the initiation of injection of a nonionic iodinated contrast medium into the superior mesenteric artery or splenic artery, and the second-phase images were obtained after 70 s. These images were interpreted separately for detection of HCC.Results:
The double-phase CTAP detected two nodules and six nodules that were missed by the first- and second-phase images, respectively. The sensitivity for hypervascular HCC nodules was 89% for the first phase, 91% for the second phase, and 93% for the first phase and second phase combined. The double-phase CTAP showed significantly superior sensitivity to the first-phase CTAP for detecting HCC nodules (p < 0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the sensitivities of the double-phase CTAP and the second-phase CTAP. The positive predictive values of the double-phase images were inferior to those of either the first-phase or the second-phase images alone.Conclusion:
Double-phase helical CTAP was found to be no better than second-phase CTAP alone for detection of hypervascular HCC nodules.