Positron Emission Tomography–Computed Tomography Imaging Characteristics of an Inferior Vena Cava Tumor Thrombus with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Correlation

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Abstract

Abstract:

Thrombus of the renal vein or inferior vena cava is a known complication of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Accurate discrimination between bland and malignant thrombus can have significant implications toward clinical management. Distinguishing between these 2 entities is not usually possible with enhanced computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging. This case reports the role of combined positron emission tomography–CT imaging in the accurate detection of recurrent RCC after partial nephrectomy and surgically proven tumor thrombus in the renal vein and inferior vena cava.

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