Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Delayed Enhancement in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Relationship with Left Ventricular Perfusion and Contractile Function

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Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between myocardial delayed enhancement, first-pass perfusion, and contractile function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients, using MR.

Methods:

Fifty-three patients diagnosed with HCM were prospectively examined using a 1.5-T MR unit. Multiphase gradient-echo sequences were performed to study global left ventricular function, wall thickness, and left ventricular mass. Myocardial tissue tagging was conducted to evaluate contractile function. T1-weighted inversion-recovery sequences were obtained at rest to study myocardial contrast enhancement at first pass and delayed enhancement 10 minutes later.

Results:

Delayed enhancement found in 30 patients (56.6%) was most commonly seen in hypertrophic segments. Nine patients exhibited delayed enhancement in segments with normal wall thickness (<15 mm). Sixteen patients (30.1%) showed first-pass perfusion defects at rest, which were associated with significantly lower stroke volume (P < 0.05) and lower cardiac output (P < 0.01). The hypokinetic segments found in 16 patients (30.1%) were significantly thicker at end diastole (P < 0.01). Delayed enhancement correlated positively with perfusion defects (r = 0.5, P < 0.01) and hypokinetic segments (r = 0.3, P < 0.05).

Conclusion:

Delayed myocardial enhancement is most commonly found in hypertrophic segments but also can be seen in segments with normal wall thickness. Perfusion defects at rest and impaired contractile function are related abnormalities with delayed myocardial enhancement. Further studies are necessary to assess the role of myocardial tagging, first-pass perfusion, and delayed enhancement in risk stratification for patients with HCM.

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