Lung Cancer Associated With Cystic Airspaces

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Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to define computed tomographic morphologic features of lung cancer associated with cystic airspaces, their modifications in serial computed tomographic scans, and 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography uptake.

Methods

Computed tomographic scans and 18F-FDG positron emission tomography in 24 patients with lung cancer (17 adenocarcinomas, 7 squamous cell carcinomas, 12 stage I and 12 stage II to IV) associated with cystic airspaces were reviewed.

Results

Mean diameter of airspace was initially 17.6 mm (range, 5–30 mm), and 4 morphologic patterns were recognized: solid nodule protruding externally (type I, n = 5) or internally (type II, n = 4) from the cyst wall; circumferential thickening of the cyst wall (type III, n = 8); and tissue intermixed within clusters of cysts (type IV, n = 7). With tumor growth, airspace size decreased in 9, increased in 6, and was unchanged in 9 cases. Five cases evolved from type III to type I, and 5 lesions became completely solid. 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake was initially absent to mild in 7 and moderate to marked in 14 lesions.

Conclusions

Progressive wall thickening or appearance/increase of a nodule inside or outside a cystic airspace should raise suspicion of lung cancer irrespective of FDG uptake.

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