Rotator Cuff Tear Morphologic Parameters at Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Relationship With Muscle Atrophy and Fatty Infiltration and Patient-Reported Function and Health-Related Quality of Life

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Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between rotator cuff tear (RCT) morphologic parameters and muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration, and patient-reported outcome measures, in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT.

Methods

Rotator cuff tear location, length, width, thickness, and musculotendinous junction position were assessed in 57 magnetic resonance imaging scans and correlated to the outcome measures using multivariate regression analysis.

Results

Supraspinatus tendon tear length (odds ratio [OR], 2.218; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.460–3.370), supraspinatus musculotendinous junction position (OR, 2.037; 95% CI, 1.322–3.137), and infraspinatus tendon tear width (OR, 2.371; 95% CI, 1.218–4.615) were identified as the strongest determinants of supraspinatus muscle atrophy, supraspinatus muscle fatty infiltration, and infraspinatus muscle fatty infiltration, respectively.

Conclusions

The extent of supraspinatus tendon and musculotendinous junction retraction influences the development of supraspinatus muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration, whereas the extent of infraspinatus tendon tear width influences the development of infraspinatus muscle fatty infiltration. Morphologic parameters defining RCT at magnetic resonance imaging did not correlate with clinical shoulder function scores.

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