Personality traits and environmental variables as independent predictors of posthospitalization outcome

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Abstract

Examined 2 sets of predictor variables, intrapsychic, and environmental, in a multiple regression analysis to determine their independent contribution in predicting posthospitalization adjustment. 79 16-65 yr old Ss were followed up 1 yr after admission to a psychiatric service. All Ss completed the Life Change Inventory and the Katz Adjustment Scales. A significant other also rated his or her expectations for the patient's performance once the patient returned home. The analyses indicated that level of adjustment at baseline hospitalization was the most salient prognostic variable. Significant others' expectations for the patients' self-help performance contributed independently to a follow-up criterion of total symptomatology as rated by the significant other. Results provide moderate support for the hypothesis that environmental as well as intrapsychic variables are important prognostic indicators. (5 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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