The Generalized Expectancy for Success Scale: A new measure

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Abstract

Assessed the psychometric properties of a new measure of generalized expectancy for success. Three samples of White, middle-class undergraduates participated in the study. The 1st sample of 59 females and 41 males received a preliminary version of the Generalized Expectancy for Success Scale (GESS). Item analysis yielded 30 items that were substantially correlated with the total score but were not significantly related to social desirability. The 2nd sample of 63 females and 41 males received the 30-item GESS twice at a 6-wk interval. The 3rd sample of 69 females and 34 males received the GESS, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, the Self-Rating Depression Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hopelessness Scale. Results indicate that the GESS has acceptable test-retest reliability, high internal consistency, and minimal relationship with social desirability. Predicted relationships between high generalized expectancy for success, depressive symptomatology, and internality were supported. Factor analysis indicated that GESS scores are a function of one general factor. Further construct validation is reviewed, and implications for future use of the GESS are discussed. (27 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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