Personality characteristics of long-term recovered alcoholics: A comparative analysis

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Abstract

Reports data on the personality characteristics of alcoholics in 2 stages of recovery (short and long-term). 183 Ss were studied: (a) 60 newly recovered alcoholics (30 males and 30 females with at least 3 wks but less than 4 mo of sobriety); (b) 62 long-term recovered alcoholics (31 males and 31 females with a minimum of 4 yrs of continuous sobriety and a mean length of sobriety of 8.9 yrs); and (c) 61 nonalcoholic controls (30 males and 31 females who reported moderate to infrequent or no use of alcohol). All Ss were 30-65 yrs old and were administered the California Psychological Inventory and a biographical data sheet. A multivariate ANOVA was used to test the significance of group differences on the personality variables, and a multiple discriminant analysis was conducted to determine the most discriminating dimensions for differentiating among the 3 groups. Results indicate the existence of differential patterns of psychological adjustment at each stage of recovery. (22 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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