Self versus ideal self: A comparison of five Adjective Check List indices

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Abstract

Defined 5 self vs ideal-self measures on the 300-item Adjective Check List. Overall congruence was indexed by the phi coefficient for items and by the sum of the absolute differences on standard scores for the 24 scales (D-T). The absolute differences on the 24 scales were also correlated and factored in 2 samples: 100 American Air Force officers (mean age, 33.6 yrs) and 95 Italian young men (mean age, 15.5 yrs) applying for a national precollege military training school. Three factors common to both samples were identified. D-1, D-2, and D-3 measures of dissimilarity were obtained by summing the absolute differences on just those scales assignable to each of the 3 factors. Analyses of observers' ratings in the sample of American officers revealed phi, D-T, and D-1 to be indicative of superior personal and social adjustment and D-2 to suggest goal-oriented efficiency and diligence. D-3 had unfavorable connotations. It is concluded that internal components of self-ideal congruence have differential implications that over all measures will obscure or even fail to detect. (16 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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