Positive versus negative self-monitoring in the self-control of smoking

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Compared smoking treatment programs using negative (recording number of cigarettes smoked) vs positive (recording number of urges resisted) self-monitoring. Nine Ss each, mean age 36.7 yrs, participated in 1 of 2 similar broad-spectrum treatment programs, within which they either used positive or negative self-monitoring. Over treatment, Ss in both self-monitoring groups demonstrated similarly significant reductions in smoking frequency as compared to the control group. These findings were generally maintained at follow-up. It is suggested that clinical findings question the accuracy of the “positive” and “negative” labels used to designate the 2 self-monitoring modes. (6 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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