Androgyny and self-esteem in the upper-middle class: A replication of Spence

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Abstract

Used 91 40-50 yr old upper-middle-class Ss in a replication of a study of androgyny and self-esteem by J. T. Spence et al (see record 1975-27536-001) which had used an undergraduate sample. Self-esteem was measured by the Texas Social Behavior Inventory; sex role attribute ratings and sex role stereotyping, by the Personal Attributes Questionnaire; and degree of feminism, by the Attitudes Toward Women Scale. The earlier findings were largely replicated. Self-esteem scores for the men were substantially higher than those found by Spence et al, but the earlier relationships of androgyny, masculinity, and femininity with self-esteem received support. Implications of the demographic characteristics of the sample for the generality of current sex role and sex identity research are discussed. (6 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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